Punjab University Library (PUL)

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Besides fifty six independent libraries of the teaching departments, constituent colleges and institutes, the Punjab University has a central library, which is called 'Punjab University Library'. It was established in 1873 as 'Punjab University College Library'. The Punjab University College was raised to the status of a University in 1882 under the Punjab University Act No. XIX of 1882 which was published in the Gazette of India dated 7th October 1882 and the Punjab University came into existence on 14th October 1882 by a notification issued by the Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab and with it, it became the Punjab University Library from the same date.

     

Foundation-stone was laid by the Chancellor, Sir Louis Dane, on 27th February, 1911; the building proceeded rapidly and the first portion was formally opened by the same Chancellor in April, 1912. The expansion of the Library was so rapid during the next three years that at the end of 1915 the building had to be extended to the dimensions contemplated in the original plan. The entire building, which was completed in February, 1917 cost Rs. 1,60,000. It is a two storied building of attractive design (at Allama Iqbal Campus).



General Collection
Special Collection
Personal Collection
Manuscripts Collection
Serial Collecition
Digital Collection

General Collection



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EUROPEAN LANGUAGES COLLECTION

This collection has all borrow able material of European language. All this collection is located at the Ground Floor of the Library. The collection in this section is more than 300,000 books approx.





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ORIENTAL LANGUAGES COLLECTION

This collection has all borrow able material of Oriental language. All this collection is located at the First Floor of the Library. The collection in this section is more than two hundred thousand books approx.



Special Collection




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REFERENCE COLLECTION

Reference collection as self descriptive is only for reference use, this may not be borrowed. This collection is in an Air conditioned hall located at the Ground Floor of the Library. It has a book collection of more than 18,000 volumes approx. The reference collection has many valuable sources like, encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Americana, Chemical Abstracts, Encyclopedia of Social Sciences, Encyclopedia of Seerat, Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, Statesman Year book etc.




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THESES COLLECTION

Punjab University Library is a depositary library of Thesis approved by University of the Punjab. The lists of theses submitted in the library for PhD degrees are listed here online. click the link to access the lists.




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CHINESES COLLECTION

Besides other collections, library has a gifted collection from China, the books in this collection are about China both in English and Chinese languages. The collection is placed at the ground floor of the library in General Collection. But the books of this collection are not issued.




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REPORTS COLLECTION

Besides other collections, Punjab University Library has United Nations, Pre-partition Indian government reports, imperial gazettes of India and Pakistan government reports and Punjab University Result Gazettes. There are about 25,000 United Nations publications and nearly 10,000 Indian and Pakistan government reports.



PERSONAL COLLECTIONS

Punjab University Library is a big repository for the valuable donations/personal collections. The use of these collections is restricted only to the library premises. All of the Collections present in Oriental Languages are present in Oriental Section of the Library, The detail of these collections is as under.

H.M. PERCEIVAL

It was donated to the Library by H.M. Perceival, the retired Professor of English language and literature, Presidency College, Calcutta. It consists of 6500 volumes of books on History, Classic Literature and related disciplines. A catalogue of this collection was published in 1911.

CH. SHAHAB-UD-DIN

The Library received this collection in 1944 from Ch. Shahab-ud-Din, Speaker, Punjab Legislative Assembly before the partition of India. It has about 4000 rare books on Islam, history, biography, literature, sociology and linguistics, etc.

MAULVI MAHBUB ALAM

Mr. Abdul Hameed, Editor, Eastern Times, the son of Late Maulvi Mahbub Alam (1862-1937) donated this collection consisting of 348 manuscripts and 6612 books to the Library in 1948.

DR. A.C. WOOLNER

This collection consists of 8671 manuscripts in Sanskrit and Hindi and is named in honour of Dr. A.C. Woolner who remained Honorary Librarian of this Library from 1902 to 1928.

MAULVI MAHBOOB HUSSAIN AZAD

Agha Mohammed Ibrahim donated personal library of his father Late Maulvi Mohammed Hussain Azad (1830-1910) to the University library in 1913. It has 1556 books and 389 manuscripts in Arabic, Persian and Urdu. Most of these are quite rare.

PIRZADA MUHAMMAD HUSSAIN ARIF

This collection was purchased in 1929 on the recommendations of Late Molvi Muhammad Shafi (1883-1963) from Prizada Mohammad Hussain Arif (1856-1928), a Session Judge of Pre-partition India. It consists of 165 manuscripts and 809 books in Arabic, Persian and Urdu.

B.M. DATTATRYA KAIFI

Renowned scholar of Urdu linguistics B.M. Dattatrya Kaifi (1866-1955) donated his collection to the library during his life time in 1933. It has 130 manuscripts and 877 books. The manuscripts and books are in Persian and Urdu.

HAFIZ MUHAMMAD SHAIRANI

This collection was purchased for Rs. 16,192/- in 1942 from Hafiz Mahmud Shairani (1880-1946). It consists of 1710 books, 434 documents and 2284 volumes of manuscripts on Quranic sciences, history, biographies, topography, literature, mysticism, poetry, music and theological literature, etc. [Click to Download List of Shairani Collection]

HAKIM ABDUL MAJED ATIQUI

Hakim Abdul Majed Atiqui (1901-1971) donated 2500 books in 1949. The books are in Urdu and cover the subjects of Islamic Studies, Medical Sciences, Literature, History, Biography, Linguistics, etc. Hakim Sahib also sent more books which were added in Atiqui collection.

PROF. SIRAJ-UD-DIN AZAR

It was purchased from Zaheer-ud-Din Ahmad son of Prof. Siraj-ud-Din Azar (1892-1947) for Rs. 20,000/- in 1952. It has about 1500 manuscripts. Mostly in Persian and some are in Urdu, Arabic, Punjabi and Pashto. It was purchased on the recommendations of Dr. Syed Mohammed Abdullah (1906-1988), who remained honorary librarian of the University Library from 1947-1954. The subjects covered by it are ethics, mysticism, astronomy, logic, philosophy, theology, medicine, fiction, Islamic studies, essays etc.

DR. PROF. MUHAMMAD IQBAL

Personal library of Late Dr. Prof. Mohammed Iqbal (1894-1948) was gifted to the Punjab Univesity Library in 1957. It consists of 1113 books. It has books in Arabic, Persian, English, French and other Western languages which are very precious and valuable from research point of view.

ABDUL AZIZ MAIMON

Late Abdul Aziz Maimon (d. 1978) was a great scholar and researcher of Arabic language and literature. He offered Rs. 1,00,000/- to the University in 1975 to be fixed deposited in the Bank, provided that the important Arabic manuscripts or their microfilms and such reference books which may be useful for the research in Arabic literature, will be purchased from the amount of the profit of this fixed deposit. 1157 books have so far been purchased for this collection. Most of which are reference books. The purchase of the original manuscripts or their microfilms is under consideration and efforts are being made to acquire them.

ALLAMA ASGHAR ALI RUHI

It is a collection of late Allama Asghar Ali Ruhi (1871-1954) and his son Dr. Sufi Mohammed Zia-ul-Haq (1911-1989). Both were great scholars of Arabic and Islamic Studies. Asghar Ali Ruhi served as a teacher of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Islamia College, Railway Road, Lahore. It was donated by Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Rana in 1989. It consists of 3000 volumes, including 17 manuscripts and some rare journals. Most of the reading material is in Arabic and some in English and Urdu. The subjects covered are the Holy Quran, Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh and Asma-ur-Rijal, etc.

HAKIM MUSA AMRITSARI

Basic donation was donated by Hakim Sahib in 1989. Up to April 1997, total number of books received are 9,292 including 14 manuscripts and some photocopies of unpublished material and some rare journals. Reading material is still being sent by the Hakim Sahib. For the most part it includes books in Arabic, Persian, Urud, Punjabi, English and some in Sindhi, Pashto and Turkish. The subjects covered are: the Holy Quran, Hadith. Seerat, Fiqh, Mysticisim, Biography, Pakistan Movement, Literatue and Medicine, etc.

MIAN MOHAMMED DIN KALEEM

It consists of 1500 volumes donated by the family members of Mian Sahib (1917-1989) in June 1991. He was a famous writer and author.

PROF. ABDUL QAYYUM

This collection was donated by the son of Prof. Abdul Qayyum on 27-9-1994. It comprises of 1328 books including periodicals. Subjects covered are the Holy Quran, Quranic Sciences, Hadith, Fiqh, Seerat, Islamic History and English literature. The books are in Arabic, English and Urdu.

PROF. DR. YAR MOHAMMED

It was donated to the Punjab University library by his wife Mrs. Tanveer Jahan Khan in 1994, keeping in view, the will of the deceased. It consists of 461 books related to History, Pakistan movement and other related subjects in English and Urdu.

MIAN JAMIL AHMAD SHARAQPURI

It contains 5250 books. The books are in Urdu, Arabic, Persian and Punjabi languages and some in English. It covers the subjects of the Holy Quran, Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh, History and Mysticism. The first volume of the list of books of Mian Jamil Ahmad Sharaqpuri collection has been published which consists of 2909 books. This marvellous research work was undertaken by Syed Jamil Ahmad Rizvi, Former Chief Librarian, Punjab University Library and Mr. Muhammad Maroof Ahmad Sharaqpuri.
1)Collection Volume (1-4)
2)Collection Volume (5)

SYED SIBT-UL HASSAN ZAIGHAM

It consists of 4485 books. Most of the reading material is in Punjabi language and some in English and Urdu.

ATTA ULLAH Zafar AR WARSI

The collection consists of 972 books. Mr. Warsi donated his collection to the library during his life time in February 1999. Most of the books are in Urdu language.

PROF MUHAMMAD IQBAL MUJADDIDI

Professor Muhammad Iqbal Mujjadadi donates old manuscripts to Punjab University Library in 2014 but inaugurated on March 26, 2015, Renowned historian, researcher, author and former Chairman of History Department, Government Islamia College Civil Lines Prof Muhammad Iqbal Mujjadadi has donated rare manuscripts, unique royal titles and thousands of books worth crores of rupees to Punjab University Library.

The treasurer of manuscripts and books donated by Prof Iqbal Maujjadadi included over 1000 one thousand manuscripts, rare magazines, photographs and over 10,500 books worth crores of rupees. The collection also includes the oldest manuscript published in Samarkand in 8th Hijri century titled (Kanz-al-Ibad fe Sharh-al-Oraad) (Hazrat Bahauddin Zakriya Multani) and initial correspondence and Royal orders with regard to Masjid Wazir Khan.

The collection also includes dozens of exclusive and unique royal titles which are not available in other parts of the world. A few manuscripts include valuable and unique information regarding Lahore city. It is pertinent to mention here that Prof Muhammad Iqbal Mujjadadi has collected these manuscripts and books from various parts of the world.

PROF AFTAB ASGHAR

This is a valuable personal collection donated by professor Khalida Aftab, begum of late professor Aftab Asghar, consists of more than 4000 books and 38 manuscripts, mainly Persian collection but possesses Urdu Arabic and English books as well.

Dr. WAHEED QURESHI

Dr. Waheed Qureshi (1925-2009) was the professor, critic and poet of Urdu in University of the Punjab; his manuscript collection, consists of 137 manuscripts, (in 80volumes) has been purchased in 2010 from Mrs. Waheed Qureshi for Punjab University Library.

NASREEN AKHTAR

Former Principal, Oriental College, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Dr. Nasreen Akhtar donated her books and precious manuscripts to the library in November 2011, it contains 6 manuscripts.



DIGITAL COLLECTION

Using modern scanning technology, Punjab University Library is digitizing its manuscripts and rare collection for preservation and distribution on request to the researchers from all over the world. The collection holds Punjabi, Urdu, Persian, Hindi, Sanskrit and English material. Click the link provided here to purchase a digitized manuscript.

CDS COLLECTION

Multimedia and Microfilming Section of the Library holds almost 400 CDs on various subjects. The CDs may be accessed at the Section for study purposes.



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MICROFILMS COLLECTION

Punjab University Library has a rich collection Microfilms at Multimedia and Microfilming Section of the Library. It holds 1273 microfilm roles of differenet historic documents and manuscripts including a rich collection of Daily DAWN during 1941-1947. It also has collections on , Statesman, New Delhi, Hindustan Times, New Delhi. Moreover it has a historic collection of Pioneer, Allahabad 1870-1888 and Comrade, Delhi, 1913-1914.



MANUSCRIPTS COLLECTION

The Manuscript Section in the Punjab University Library was established on July 31, 1920. Total collection of this section is estimated to contain more than 24,000 titles. The number of manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Turkish, Punjabi and other local languages is about 11,400 while collection of manuscripts in Sanskrit, Hindi, etc. is 8,671 volumes. This is the largest collection of manuscripts in Pakistan.

A brief account of important Arabic, Urdu, Persian and Punjabi Manuscripts is given below:-


Manuscripts Rules

Photocopy /printing and CD writing rules for Manuscripts and Rare Books

Rates for Pakistani
  • Paper Copy: Rs.10/- for PU faculty & Scholars
  • Paper Copy: Non Members Rs.50 / Page (Pakistanis only)
  • CD rates = Five Times of Photocopy / Print-Rate
Rates for Foreigners
  • Paper Copy: $1 / page
  • CD Copy : $5 / Page (Postal Charges Excluded )


SERIALS COLLECTION

There are 65200 bound volumes of journals on various disciplines both in foreign and local languages. Research oriented journals both local and foreign are subscribed with the approval of the Heads of University Teaching Departments.

Detail of Journals

Subscribed Journals

Foreign Research Journals 103
Local (English) 13
Local (Urdu) 14
Total 130

Donated Journals

English 200
Urdu 160
Total 360

The Journals cover different academic aspects of science technology social sciences and humanities. Table of contents (TOC) service is provided to all departments, when a new foreign research journal is received in the library the photocopy of its TOC is sent to relevant departments. If the teachers are interested in any article the free photocopy is provided to them. It is very regular Selective dissemination of information (SDI) service.




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NEWSPAPERS COLLECTION

Punjab University Library has a huge archive of local newspapers. Local newspapers in Urdu, Punjabi and English are subscribed. Khaleej Times, an international newspaper is also acquired. When a volume of a journal or file of a newspaper is completed, it is got bound. The Library has maintained files from 1954 onward of Nawa-I-Waqt and Pakistan Times. Bound volumes of the journals are arranged on racks in classified order and fresh issues are displayed alphabetically by title. Journals and newspapers are not issued, but photocopy of the required articles is allowed under the rules.

Detail of Newspapers

Subscribed Newspapers


English 9 (Including one Foreign Newspaper)
Punjabi 1
Urdu 7
Total 17

This section publishes a monthly newspaper, article index under the title 'Update: newspaper index'. This newspaper clippings index includes important national, international, religious and scientific topics.

Search Collection
HEC E-Books
HEC E-Journal
Digital Library
New Book Request
New Arrival
Newspaper Index
Turnitin Service

Search Collection

Catalog of Punjab University Library

This web catalog provides bibliographic access to a rich collection of Punjab University central and departmental libraries.


List of Microfilms

There are 1273 microfilm rolls and thousands of microfiches. Microfilms hold material in english and oriental languages. In English language portion, along with other books and derails, there are some valuable catalogues of collections i.e. European manuscripts, John Lawrence, Hamilton, Lansdown, Morley, Lord Cross, North Brook, Johnson, Elliot, Curzon, Johnson, Elphinstone and Elgin etc.


Catalogue of Sanskrit Manuscripts

The collection of manuscripts in Sanskrit, Hindi, etc. is 8,671 volumes. This is the largest collection of Sanskrit manuscripts in Pakistan.


Mian Jamil Ahmad Sharqpuri Naqshbandi Mujaddadi Compelete Vols.1-4

It contains 5250 books. The books are in Urdu, Arabic, Persian and Punjabi languages, and some in English. It covers the subjects of the Holy Quran, Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh, History, and Mysticism.


Catalogue of Maman Collection

Late Abdul Aziz Maimon (d. 1978) was a great scholar and donated Rs. 1,00,000/- to the University in 1975. 1157 books on Arabic literature and reference have so far been gathered in this regard.


Web OPACs of Different Universities in Pakistan

Pakistan Library Automation Group (PakLAG) a not-for-profit trust, provided a list of pakistani universities’ web OPACS.

Catalogue of Muhammad Iqbal Majaddidi Collection

Prof Muhammad Iqbal Mujjadadi has donated rare manuscripts, unique royal titles and thousands of books worth Million's to Punjab University Library


Catalogue of Sufi Mian Muhammad Rashid Collection




E-Books HEC Nations Digital Library

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Digital Library Program Subscribed Journals

Punjab University Library offers a big collection of more than 70% of online journals available all over the world. Most of the journals are peer reviewed and highly research oriented. All resources can be accessed within Punjab University LAN (Local Area Network) only.

HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION (E-Resources HEC)

Facilitating institutions of higher learning to server as a engine of growth for the Socio-Economic development of Pakistan.



INSTITUTE OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEER (IEEE)

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JSTOR

Content in JSTOR spans many disciplines, with over 500 high-quality publications available in the archive. JSTOR provides the ability to retrieve high-resolution, scanned images of journal issues and pages as they were originally designed, printed, and illustrated.



TAYLOR & FRANCIS JOURNALS

Taylor & Francis has grown rapidly over the last two decades to become a leading international academic publisher. More than 1000 journal titles in a full range of disciplines.



ELSEVIER (Science Direct)

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EMERALD

Emerald is a long established publisher with over 200 titles in the fields of management, information science and engineering. All of Emerald research journals are peer-reviewed to ensure the highest quality.



AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS)

ACS provides access to over 30 peer-reviewed journals and magazines in all fields of chemistry Subject Strengths include Core, Applied, Organic Chemistry, Bio- Chemistry, Pharmaceuticals, Polymers and Materials Science.



AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS (AIP)

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ASTM

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AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY (AMS)

Provides full-text online access to its four journals as well as the MathSciNet database.Covers international mathematical literature dating back to 1940, providing access to the bibliographic data and reviews of mathematical literature contained in the Mathematical Reviews database.



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APS provides access to 9 prestigious research publications. Includes the five-specialist Physical Review Publications, and the PROLA archive.



ASSOCIATION OF COMPUTING MACHINERY (ACM)

The ACM contains full-text from 28 ACM Journals and Transactions, 10 ACM Magazines, over 40 ACM Special Interest Newsletters, 15 non-ACM journal and publications and over 100 annual conference proceedings. Content strengths include all areas of Information Technology, with full archival content for all ACM publications.



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CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS (CUP)

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EDINBURGH UNIVERSITY PRESS

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ProQuest Business Premium Collection

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Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)

INFORMS publishes 11 scholarly journals, including a journal for the practice of OR/MS (Interfaces), as well as an on-line open access journal (INFORMS Transactions on Education).



INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS

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NRC Research Press Journals Online

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Brill

Brill publishes 200 journal titles - including 16 e-only titles and 6 full open access titles - focused on Humanities and Social Sciences, International Law and selected areas in the Sciences. 6 fully OA journals and OA articles in hybrid journals.



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SPRINGER LINK

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The Journals Division publishes journals and serials in a wide range of disciplines, including several journals that were the first scholarly publications in their respective fields.



WILEY-BLACKWELL JOURNALS

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PU Digital Library Program

Library is providing free digital library facility to its users. This is open source software which uses mysql and tomcat softwares. This digital library currently holds 32,000+ full text records of thesis, articles, books, CDs/DVDs. Users can access and download their required material within the premises of library. Library staff gathers material of various types and feed it into digital library program for further downloading. There are various ways to get the material for this program as following:

Open Access Material on Internet

Library staff receives demands of users for their required material and search through internet to get them. Upon successful retrieval of required items, one copy delivers to concerned student and adds in digital library collection as well.

CDs/DVDs Collection

Library has a collection of CDs/DVDs. These CDs are as accompanying material along with foreign purchased books. Students can read and write this material free of charges. Most of the CD collection is related to science subjects, however CDs related to IELTS, TOEFL, GRE and English dictionaries etc. are also available. Metadata of this CDs/DVDs collection is available into digital library catalogue.

Digitized Collection

Library holds manuscripts, newspapers, rare items and other documents of historical importance in its collection. These items need to be preserved for future use and to fulfill the research needs of researchers in country or from abroad. In all this process, intellectual property and copyright laws are keenly observed. Metadata of this digitized collection is available into digital library catalogue.

Donations

Many library users share their digital collection with library administration for the help and sharing with other students. Library staff enters such material in digital library for sharing with other users.

How to Access Digital Library

  • Library users can use Internet Lab of the library or can connect their laptops with library server through Wi-Fi.
  • Open pulibrary.edu.pk
  • Click on Services button and choose (PU Digital Library)
  • Choose your required document type in Document Type field of home screen.
  • Write your required information in fields of title, author, keyword etc.
  • Press Search Button and get the results.
  • Click on your desired result and download it.
  • For any assistance, please contact in Preservation and Conservation section.


Request for a New Book

Please download the Performa to suggest a book and acquire the recommendation of your head of the department. Submit the dully filled and recommended Performa at the Readers Services Desk of the library.

We will consider to purchase the title but we cannot guarantee it will be purchased in case the title is out of print or any other clash with the collection development policy of the library.



New Arrivals


2016 - New Arrivals

January (2016) February (2016) March (2016) April (2016) May (2016) June (2016)
                 
July (2016) August (2016) September (2016) October (2016) November (2016) December (2016)
                 


Newspapers index

Punjab University library is providing an indexing service 'Newspapers Index' since September 2002. It is a subject index compiled by the professional librarians working in the Punjab University library. Newspapers articles on different subject are arranged alphabetically. The index covers seven major English newspapers Khaeej Times, Dawn, financial times, The Nation, The News, Business Recorder and Daily Times.

Library is offering the current index as well as the archives and a cumulative index . In addition to that hard and soft copies of the indices are also available in the Serial section of the library.



Turnitin Service

Punjab University administration has declared Chief Librarian, Punjab University Library (PUL) as focal person for Turnitin issues for HEC. The University has given the responsibility to Chief Librarian of issuing certificate to research works as plagiarism free. In this context, all M.Phil, Ph.D dissertations and faculty research publications are bound to get plagiarism free certificate before their submission in the University. To make this process convenient, Turnitin accounts have been created for faculty members and departmental librarians. Research scholars can contact to their supervisor or departmental librarian to pass through their research work from Turnitin before applying for final certificate.


Procedure to get certificate

1) Head of department have the authority to send research work of their faculty member or research scholar along-with a CD packed in a sealed envelope to Chief Librarian.
2) This CD must have title page, abstract and all chapters. This CD should be labeled with title and author name. Our IRC section will receive the request and check CD on spot to ensure the availability of required information.
3) As per HEC guidelines, acknowledgement, table of contents, bibliography, references, appendices and running title etc. should be removed from research work before their uploading in Turnitin so these items should be removed before writing the research work on CD for submission to the Chief Librarian office.
4) IRC section will examine the results of Turnitin as per HEC criteria and if it is according to the criteria, the research content will be submitted in Turnitin student paper repository and a plagiarism free certificate will be issued to the author name and send it to concerned head of department through proper channel.
5) Turnitin student paper repository ID will be mentioned on the certificate as an evidence. Certificates are issued on first come, first serve basis without any un-necessary delay.
6) For any clarification in this issue, researchers can contact at 042-99231126 to IRC section during office timings.



Research Cabins
Printing/Photocopy
Wi-Fi
Internet Lab
Scanning

Free Wi-Fi Access In Punjab University Library


Students, faculty and visitors at the Punjab University Library, enjoy the flexibility to access web and exchange resourceful information from anywhere within Library. Reason: the Library is now Wi-Fi.

To stay advanced and provide students with the best of the latest services, the University campus has gone Wi-Fi, enabling students to access the internet through the wireless router, anytime and anywhere in the campus. The campus is wireless-fidelity enabled, with an internet speed of 6 mbps. Students in the campus can now access internet from anywhere using their wireless devices.



IT Lab

In order to keep pace with technological advancement especially with the boom in Information Technology, an Internet Lab was started in December, 1999. With 65 PCs which were gradually increased to 150 and extended up to 350 till now. IT Lab of the Punjab University Library is one of the busiest labs of the University. Students from all departments come here. There are about 5000 registered members of Internet Lab and the numbers are increasing continuously.

Facilities available for the Students/Faculity Members

  • Advanced Desktop Systems with Spec CPU(i3), Ram(4GB), HD(500GB), LED(19)
  • Printing of the documents
  • Access up to 10 Million online E-Resources
  • Free Access up to 40,000+ E-Book (PDF).
  • UBS Supported systems
  • Audio facility available on limited systems.

Internet Lab Rules

  • Only a member of the Library will be eligible to get the registration.
  • Internet user registration fee will be Rs. 100/-
  • For getting a printout, Rs. 3/- per page will be charged for black & white printing.
  • Users will be liable to pay for any damage to the system or any other damages.


Research and Discussion Cabins

On the second floor of the library ten research cabins are provided for research scholars. A research cabin may be reserved only for a PhD research scholar on the recommendation of his/her head of the department.

As well as ten discussion cabins with a capacity of six persons at a time are provided on the same floor for combine studies. A discussion cabin may be reserved for a group of six students on the guarantee of their class representative.



Printing/Photocopy

A private photocopier and printing shop is available on the ground floor at the entrance of the library near the token counter for the convenience of the library users. Computer printouts may also be acquired from the internet lab on payment.




Scanning

Preservation & Conservation section has the responsibility of preserving rare and fragile library material through digitization. Care of copy right laws and intellectual property rights (IP) are strictly followed while in selection of library material in making their digital copy. Normally, paper of newspapers, manuscripts and old publications need to be digitized. For digitization purpose, there are heavy duty miscellaneous scanners to digitize material with care. Currently, an optical scanner named Bookeye-4 from Image Access Company is being in operation to ease the digitization process of bound fragile media. This scanner also provides cradle facility for bulky bindings. This scanner takes less than one second per scan. Its scan area is suitable to scan paper of newspaper size. As this machine scan the material from its center upper head, so there is no need to turn down the material on scan area. Its resolution limit is 600 dpi.

There is another automatic document feeder (ADF) scanner to scan unbound papers with speed. Its scan speed is 70-100 pages per minute with double side. A flatbed scanner of HP company is also available for the scanning of A-4 size papers. This flatbed scanner has also the facility to scan negatives.

Moreover, various HD still cameras are also available to take images of library material of abnormal size. Scanned data further processed through image editor program to prepare it for printing purpose.

Dedicated data bank is being used to store the digital material. All these equipment are backed up by uninterruptible power supply system (UPS) to avoid electricity fluctuations.

Digitized material is being provided to concerned researchers after the approval of concerned section head and getting charges as decided by university administration. The details of these charges are as following:

Photocopy /printing and CD writing rules for Manuscripts and Rare Books

Photocopy/printing and CD rates for Pakistanis

Paper copy Rs.10 for PU faculty & Scholars
Paper copy non members - - Rs.50/ page - (Pakistanis only)
CD rates= five times of photocopy/print rate  

Photocopy/printing and CD rates for foreigners

Paper copy $ 1/ page
CD $ 5/ page (postal charges excluded )



Databases
Citing Sources
APA Style
Citation Software
Endnote Tools
Search Techniques
Journal Citation Report

Citation Software

Reference management software, citation management software or personal bibliographic management software is software for scholars and authors to use for recording and utilising bibliographic citations (references). Once a citation has been recorded, it can be used time and again in generating bibliographies, such as lists of references in scholarly books, articles and essays. The development of reference management packages has been driven by the rapid expansion of scientific literature.

These software packages normally consist of a database in which full bibliographic references can be entered, plus a system for generating selective lists of articles in the different formats required by publishers and scholarly journals. Modern reference management packages can usually be integrated with word processors so that a reference listin the appropriate format is produced automatically as an article is written, reducing the risk that a cited source is not included in the reference list. They will also have a facility for importing the details of publications from bibliographic databases.




How to Cite Your Sources

BOOKS

Use the title page of the book to find most of the information.

Author/editor

In a bibliography entry, the name of the author appears with the last name first for purposes of alphabetization. When there are two or three authors, the names are listed in the order in which they appear on the title page, whether or not that order is alphabetical. Only the name of the first author appears in inverted order. A comma separates the first name of the first author from succeeding names.

One author

Put the surname first, followed by initial (s) of forenames (s) e.g. Blackfoot, Emery

Two authors

If there are two contributing names, include both


e.g. Simonds, Wendy, and Barbara Katz Rothman.

Three authors

In the case of three authors, the names are listed in the order shown on the title page:


e.g. Merk, Janes S., Ida J. Fogg, and Charles A. Snowe

More than three authors

In the bibliography entry, the usual practice is to list all the authors. The name of the first author is inverted. It is also acceptable, if the author wishes, to list only the first author, followed by “et al.” “and others.”

Charlotte, Marcus, et al., Investigation into the Phenomenon of Limited-Field Criticism Boston: Broadview Press, 1990

Editor

If the book is edited, signify this using ed.


e.g. Eliot, T.S.,ed.

Compiler and Translator

Use comp. for compiler and trans. for translator. e.g.

Gianakakos, Peter, and William Poweska, trans. Studies of Transformation in Eastern Europe. Buffalo: N.Y.: Touser and Blinken, 1999.

Anonymous works

When no author’s name appears on a work or when the title page lists anonymous as the author, the work is listed in the bibliography by title alone. If the author’s name is known, it may be put in brackets and the work may be listed in the bibliography under the author’s name. Anonymous is not used as an author entry.

[Scarborough, Dorothy]. The Wind. New York: Harper, 1925.
The Wind. New York: Harper, 1925

Pseudonyms

When an author’s name as given on the title page is a pseudonym (pen name), the bibliography entry begins with the pseudonym and continues with the author’s real name in brackets. If the author’s real name is unknown, the abbreviation pseud, within brackets follows the name.

Green, Hannah [Joanne Greenberg]. I never promised you a Rose Garden. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1964.

Title

Use the title given on the title page
Omit lengthy sub-titles
Italic the title
e.g. Information UK 2000
Since punctuation is often omitted from title pages, it may be necessary to add this to citations in notes or bibliographies. Series commas, commas setting off dates, and colons between title and subtitle are frequently omitted at the ends of lines on title pages and must therefore be added.  

Edition

Give information in the bibliography concerning the edition. Only include the edition number if it is not the first
e.g. 3rd ed.
A new edition may be called, Revised Edition, (no number), Second Edition, Revised and England, or some other variant. In bibliography entries or notes these are commonly abbreviated: rev.ed.; 2nd ed., rev. and encl. (or just 2nd ed.) and soon. Such terms should be given in English even through the book is in a foreign language.
Abdul Waheed Concise Numerical Examples in Statistics.
2nd ed. Lahore: Naveed Publications, 1990.
Samreen Lateef. Information System rev. ed. Lahore:
Ferozsons, 2003

Number of volumes

Only include the number of volumes if more than one
e.g. 2 vols.
If referring to a specific volume number, put the volume number
e.g. Vol.3

Pages

If quoting a specific section include the page (s) where the quotation is found use the abbreviation p. before the page number(s) to avoid any confusion
p.17-37

Series

Series titles are included for illustrative purposes in all of the following examples, but if the works can be located without them, or if they are given in bibliography listings, series titles may be omitted from notes to save space.
Wolf, Theta Holmes. The Effects of Praise and Competition on the Persisting Behavior of Kindergarten Children. Child Welfare Monograph Series, no.15.Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1938.

Place, Publisher and year of Publication

These three pieces of information are usually formed on the back of the title page. Put the place of publication first then publisher followed by the date of publication.
e.g. Lahore: Multiline Books, 2002

Missing information

When you cannot locate one or more pieces of information concerning publication, you should use one of the following abbreviations in the appropriate place in the entry:
No Place: n.p.
No publisher: n.p.
No date: n.d.
No page: n.pag. Or unpaginated
Capitalize the abbreviations only when it begins a section of the entry.
Eliot, George. Felix Holt. Edinburgh: William Blackwood,
n.d.
Eliot, George. Felix Holt. n.p.: William Blackwood, n.d.

Classical works

Refer to classical works by title and main divisions - volume, book chapter, pages sections, or lines, as appropriate - in subsequent references. Numerals should be separated by periods without spacing. The initial citation must name the translator and editor. This is important information about any work, but it is essential for classical works, where the translator’s task can involve restoring the text or applying new theories about the meaning of particular words.
Aristotle.Poetics.Trans.S.H.Butcher and ed. Francis. Ferguson. New York: Hill and .
Plato.TheRepublic.Trans.Desmond.Lee.Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1955.   1.

PERIODICALS/SERIALS

Any publication that comes out at regular interval is a periodical. Periodicals from an academic or professional audience are called journals; periodicals intended for the general publics are often called magazines.
This information can usually be found at the front of the journal, annual or other type of serial publications.

Title

Use the title given at the front of the serial, italic the title.
e.g. British Library News Do not use abbreviation in the title unless the serials is known by its abbreviation
e.g. BMJ for British Medical Journal

Volume numbers

Record the volume numbers for the complete run of a serial .
e.g. 1 , 5 If volume numbers are not given, use the issue numbers
If volume or issue numbers are not given, use year of publication
If certain years have been consulted from the run of a serial, this should be recorded

Years of publications

Put the years of publication for the complete run of serial
e.g. 1964-1988 Use a hyphen to indicate a serial which is still being published
e.g. 1982-

Frequency of publication

If a serial is still being published, put the frequency of publication
e.g. Annual. 2.

NEWSPAPERS

The bibliography entry for a newspaper should include the name of the author (if available), the title of the article (headline) in quotation marks, and the name of the newspaper underlined.
Rasky, Susan F. “Senate Calls for Revisions in New Tax for Health Care.” DAWN, Lahore. 8 June 1989, A20
Norman, Michael. “The Once-simple Folk tale Analyzed by Acadene.” New York Times, 5 March 1984, 15(N)

BOOK REVIEWS

An entry for a book review begins with the name of the reviewer, includes the title (if any) of the review, gives the name of the author and the work being reviewed, and ends with the name of the periodical in which the review, and ends with the name of the periodical in which the review appeared, together with the volume number (if applicable), date, and page(s). If the review is unsigned and untitled, the entry begins with Review or Rev. Examples of three types of review entries follow.
Moore, Walter. “Great Physicist, Great Guy.” Review of Genuius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman, by James Gleick. New York Times. Book Review, 11 Oct. 1992, 3.
Lott, Robert E. Review of Emilia Pardo Bazan, by Walter T. Pattison. Symposium 28 (1974): 382.
Review of Married to Genius, by Jeffrey Meyers. Journal of Modern Literature 7 (1979): 579-80.

REFERENCE WORKS

Entries for widely known reference works, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, atlases, and yearbooks, need not include the facts of publication. The edition number or the year suffices for identification of the work. The article or entry appears within quotation marks, and the title of the reference work is italic.

Encyclopedia entry

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th ed., s.v. “Original package.”

Dictionary entry

Webster’s New International Dictionary, 3rd ed., s.v. “epistrophe.”

Atlas entry

Times Atlas of the World. 1990 ed.s.v. “World Climatology.”

Signed entry

When an article or entry is signed, the name of the author may be included. Holman, Harriet R., “Page, Thomas Nelson.” Collier’s Encyclopedia.1987ed.

Specialized reference works

Entries for little known & specialized reference works should include the full facts of publications.
Ealwell, JohnMurray Millgate and Peter Newman. The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics. London:Macmillan,1987

QUOTATIONS

A list of published sources used for essays, projects and other work must always should be included. These lists are normally placed at the end of a piece of work, for example, a list of references and a bibliography. Do not use footnotes.

Setting out quotations

Quotations if short, up to three lines, can be set in quotation marks and included in the body of the text:
e.g. Castens (1988) has reaffirmed that, “polytechnics have some way to go in developing adequate and communicable descriptions of our stock and its use.”
Longer quotations should be entered as a separate paragraph and indented from the main text. Quotations marks are not required.
e.g. Jones (1990) has observed that:
In a short period of time, Paradox has established itself as the number two player among database managers for IBM-compatible PCs. Considering the intense competition in the software industry, that says a lot about the nature of Paradox.
Ease of use is an important factor for buyers when choosing a DBMS. If part of the quotation is omitted, this is indicated using three dots:
e.g. The tradition publishing industry… is keeping a close which on the development of desktop publishing.

BIBLIOGRAPHY FORMS IN HARVARD AND NUMERIC SYSTEM

There are two main methods by which references can be displayed, the Harvard system and the British standard (numeric) system. Once a method has been selected it is important to apply it consistently.

HARVARD SYSTEM

Book

Eason, K. (1998) Information technology and organizational change, New York: Taylor & Francis.

Journals articles

Smith, G. (1992) Newspapers on CD_ROM, Serials, 5(3), p.17-22 Note: only the year is given, chronological designations of parts of serials (Spring, October, etc.) are omitted.

Section in a book edited by another

Gibb, F. (1987) Why we needs more WIMPs in the office. In HILLS. S.ed. Information handling techniques for the office: full text rules OA? New York: Tayler Graham. P.67-77.

BRITISH STANDARD (NUMERIC) SYSTEM

Book

Eason, K. Information technology and organisational change. London: Taylor & Francis, 1988.

Journal article

Smith, G. Newspapers on CD_Rom. Serials 5(3) November 1992, p.17-22.

Section in a book edited by another

Gibb, F. Why we need more WIMPs in the office. In HILLS, S. ed. Information handling techniques for the office: full text rules OA? New York: Taylor Grahm, 1987. p.67-77

Quoting references in the text Harvard System

Cited publications are referred to in the text by giving the author/s surname and the year of publication. One of two forms may be used:-
In a recent study Eason (1998) at argued that…
In a recent study (Eason 1988) it was argued that…
When the same author has published more than one cited document in the same year, these are distinguished by adding lower-case letters (a, b, c etc.) after the year and within the parentheses:
However, Rayner (1975a) proposed that…
For publications by two authors, both are given:
In their first work, Westalke and Carke (1987)… For publications by two or more authors, the surname of the first author is given, followed by et al:
The more recent study by Farmer et al (1988) Anonymous works may be shown by Anon. in place of the author/s surname:
In a recent study (Anon. 1991) it was argued that… To acknowledge direct quotations or to refer to individual pages of particular book or article the page number(s) should be given after the date, separated from it by a comma, and within the parentheses:
(Eason 1988, p.49) Punctuation practice should be consistent.

British Standard (Numeric) System (BS 1629:1989)

Cited publications are numbered in the order in which they are first referred to in the text. They are identified by a number given in round brackets, in square brackets or as a superscript numeral: are identified by a number given in round brackets, in square brackets or as a superscript numeral:
In a recent study, Eason (5) argued that…
Listing reference at the end of the text

Harvard System

Entries are listed in alphabetical order by author’s name and then by date. This list may include sources not specifically referred to in the text thus removing the need for a separate list of sources or bibliography.
Example:
Carson, J. (1988) Desktop publishing and libraries.
New York: Taylor Graham.
Meadows, A.J. and Buckle, P. (1992) Changing communication activities in the British scientific community. Journal of documentation, 48 (3), p.276-290
Rowley, Jennifer. (1998) Abstracting and indexing, 2nd ed. London: Bingley.
Rowley, Jennifer. (1990) The basics of systems analysis and design for information managers. London: Bingley.

British Standard System

Entries are listed in a alphabetical order by author’s name and then by date. This list may include sources not specifically referred to in the text thus removing the need for a separate list of sources or bibliography.
Examples:
Rowley, Jennifer. The basics of system analysis and design for information managers. London: Bingley, 1990.
Carson, J. Desktop publishing and libraries, New York: Taylor Graham, 1998.
Rowley, J. Abstracting and indexing, 2nd ed. London: Bingley, 1998.
Meadows, A.J. and Bucle, P. Changing communication activities in the British Scientific community. Journal of documentation., 48(3), September 1992, p.276-290.
If a source is cited more than once, the abbreviations ibid. op. cit. and loc. cit. are used in subsequent citations. See the Appendix for examples showing how these are used.

SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS

There are other types of material that required individual treatment.

Official publications

Citation elements:

Author

(Usually the name of Ministry, Department, agency, council, committee or other official body).
In order to avoid confusion, it is recommended that official publications are qualified by country: e.g. Pakistan. Ministry of Education..

Title of the work

(Italic)

Edition number, publisher and year of publication

(list number of volumes if more than one)

Title of series and volume number in such series

Example: Great Britain, Office of Arts and Libraries. (1998) Financing our public library service: four subject for debate: a consultative paper. H.M.S.O. (cm 324).

REPORTS

Citation elements:

Author

(Surname followed by initials)

Title of report

(Italic)

Publisher and year of publication

Report code and number

Example: Tuck, B. OSI and library services, British Library, 1990. (Research paper 85)  

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Citation elements

Name of conference

(with number in series if appropriate) If a conference has a name it is treated as the author of its proceedings. If it has no name but it is a meeting of members of an organisation, that organisation is treated as the author of the proceedings. In other cases the proceedings are to be treated as an anonymous publication and the title is used as the main headings.

Place where conference was held

Date of conference

Title of proceedings Italic

Editor(s)

Publisher and year of publication

Example:
Computer in Libraries International, 6th, London, February (1992) Computes in Libraries International 92. proceeding. Meckler.

Conference papers

Citation elements:

Author of paper

(surname followed by initials)

Title of paper

Italic

Name of conference

… etc. (as for Conference proceedings)

Pagination for the paper

A reference to a specific paper included in the proceedings of a conference should included the full details of the paper in addition to the details of the conference.
Example:
Sizer, J. (1988) Value for money: a framework for development In Collection development: options for effective management. Proceedings of a conference of the Library and Information Research Group, Sheffield, 1987, edited by Sheila Corrall. Taylor Graham. P.132-140.

THESES/DISSERTATIONS

Citation order

Author (Surname followed by initials)
Title of thesis Italic
Degree statement
Degree awarding body
Date
Example:
King, Andrew J. “ Law and Land Use in Chicago: A Pre-history of Modern Zoning.” Ph.D.diss., University of Wisconsin, 1976.

INTERVIEWS

It is not necessary to include interviews in a bibliography, but if they are listed, The entry should follow a form similar to that illustrated in the example that follow. After the name of the person interviewed, references to interviews should provide the title of the interview, if there is one, the word interviewed by followed by the interviewer’s name (if the author conducted the interview, this should read interviewed by the author); the medium, if any, in which the interviewed appeared, whether a book, journal or some other form identification of the editor, translator or director, if any; facts of publication, the repository, or such other information as may be required for location of printed and nonprinted sources.
Al-Hamad, Hamid. Alexandrian Archaeology. Interview by Barker Comstock, Videocassete, directed by Nathan Goodhugh. Warberg Films, 1989.
References to interviews that have not been published or broadcast should include the name of the interviewee; the name of the interviewer; a description of the type of interview conducted; the place of date of the interview; and, if applicable, the depository of a transcript.

PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS

Since personal communications are not usually available to the public, there is title point in listing them in a bibliography. If they are listed, however, personal communications should begin with the name of the letter writer or the person with whom the author has conversed:
Rich, Colonel William. Telephone conversation with author, 12 October 1989.

UNPUBLISHED DUPLICATED MATERIAL

The status of duplicated material is somewhat ambiguous. To the extent that it is distributed, even at no cost, it is technically published. To the extent that its distribution is limited, however, it may be said to be unpublished. In any case, in a note citation the location and type of duplication are enclosed in parentheses. In this bibliography they are set off by periods and begin with a capital letter.
United States Educational Foundation for Egypt. “Annual Programme Proposal, 1952-53.” U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C., 1951. Mimeographed.

INTERNATIONAL BODIES

Citations to publications and documents of international bodies such as the League of Nations and the United Nations should identify the authorizing body, the topic or title of the paper, and the date. When available, the following information should also be included: the series and publication numbers, the place of publication, and a page reference when applicable. For these documents, it is advisable to retain the roman numerals in the publication numbers. The series abbreviation L.o.N.P. is standard for “League of Nations Papers.”
United Nations [or UN]. Secretariat. Department of Economic
Affairs. Methods of Financing Economic Development in
Underdeveloped countries, 1951.II.B.2.
UN General Assembly. Ninth Session. Official Records,
Supplement 19. Special United Nations Fund for Economic
Development: Final Report Prepared by
Raymond Scheyven In pursuance of UN General
Assembly Resolution 724B (VIII), A/2728.1954
UNESCO. The Development of Higher Education in Africa.
Paris, 1963. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
(GATT). Agreement on Implementation of Article VI
(Anti-dupming Code). Geneva, 1969.

MANUSCRIPT COLLECTIONS

When citing manuscript materials, the element of first importance in the bibliography is usually the collection in which the specific items cited may be found, the author of the items in the collection, or the depository for the collection. Collections, authors, and depositories are therefore entered in alphabetical order. The specific items themselves are not mentioned in the bibliography unless only one item in a collection is cited, in which case the entry may begin with the item.
A manuscript-a handwritten copy-is indicated by the abbreviation MS.
Shaykh Abdul – Qadir al Jilani. Al-Fathur’r Rabbani. MS. A Collection of
Speeches of the Shaykh,Matin b. Hanif Qadir1181 A.H. Punjab University Library, Lahore.

NONPRINT MATERIALS

Sound recordings

Records, tapes, compact disks, and other forms of recorded sound are generally listed under the name of the composer, writer, or other person(s) responsible for the content. Collections or anonymous works are listed by title. The title of a record or album is italicized.
If the fact that the recording is a sound recording is not implicit in the designation, that information may be added to the citation by such terms as “sound recording,” “compact sound disk,” “sound cassette” or “audiocassette,” and so on, since disks, cassettes, and tapes may be used to record not only sound but pictures and computer programming, including text to be printed.
In the following examples, note that the names of such musical forms as they symphony and the mass, usually not italicized, are italicized when part of the title of the recording.
Carter, Elliott. “Eight Etudes for Woodwind Quintet.” On record 1 of The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center. Classics Record Library SQM 80-5731.

Video recordings

The many varieties of visual (and audiovisual) materials now available render futile any attempt at universal rule making. The nature of the material, its use to the researcher listing it, and the facts necessary to find (retrieve) it should govern the substance of any note or bibliography citation.

Video Cassettes

Perlman, Itzak, Itzak Perlman: In My Case Music. Produced and directed by Tony DeNonno. 10min. DeNonno Pix, 1985. Videocassette.

Slides and films

Mihalyi, Louis J. Landscapes of Zambia, Central Africa. Santa Barbara, Calif. : Visual Education, 1975. Slide.

Works of art

Titles of works of art are underlined and the works of art are identified by their location, either in a museum or other collection or institution or in a book with reproductions.
Gainsborough, Thomas. The Morning Walk. Lahore Museum, Lahore.
Vallayer-Coster, Anne. The White Soup Bowl. Private Collection, Paris. Plate 52
in Women Artists: 1550-1950, by Ann Sutherland Harris and Linda Nochlin. New York: Knopf, 1977

MATERIAL OBTAINED THROUGH LOOSE LEAF

Documentation of material obtained through such loose-leaf services as the federal tax services published by Commerce Clearing House (CCH) and Prentice_hall (P-H) is handled similarly to that obtained from books. For some loose-leaf services, paragraph rather than page numbers are given.
Commerce Clearing House, 1990 Standard Federal Tax Reports. Chicago:
Commerce Clearing House, 1990 Reference to material obtained through computer services like Dialog and Orbit and through information services like ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) and NTIS (National Technical Information Services) are treated like first references to original printed material except that the usual information is followed by the name of the service, the name of the vendor providing the service, and the accession or identifying numbers within the services.
Kupisch, Susan J. “Stepping In”. Paper presented as part of the symposium
Disrupted and Reorganized Families at the annual meeting of the South-eastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, Ga., 23-26 March 1983. Dialog, ERIC, ED 233276.

MATERIAL FROM COMPUTER PROGRAMMES AND ELECTRONIC DATABASE

Programs, or Software

References to computer programs, packages, languages, systems, and the like, known collectively as software, should in general include the title, usually spelled out, except for such commonly known programs as FORTRAN, BASIC, or COBOL; such identifying detail as version, level, release number, or date; the short name or acronym, where applicable, along with other information necessary for identification, all in parentheses; and the location and name of the person, company, or organization having the property rights to the software. The author’s name may also be mentioned if it is important for identification.
FORTRAN H-extended Version [or Ver.]2.3. IBM, White Plains, N.Y.
Houston Automatic Spooling Priority II Ver. 4.0 IBM, White Plains, N.Y.
International Mathematical Subroutine Libray Edition 8 (IMSL 8)International Mathematical subroutine Library, Inc., Houston, Tex.
Operating System/Virtual Storage Rel. 1.7 (OS/VS 1.7) IBM, White Plains, N.Y.
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Level M Ver. 8 (SPSS Lev. M 8.1). SPSS, Chicago.
Microsoft Windows-Computer Software. Version 3.1.MacIntosh. Redmond,Washington:Microsoft,1990.

Material from electronic databases:

Material received from a Computer retrieved service should be treated like other printed material of the same type. When you refer to a particular entry, give the name of the service and numbers identifying the documents.
Books Out-of-Print Plus. New York : Bowker,1979-.CD-ROM
Laroche, Jacques.Typology of Instructional Theories. DIALOG,PsycINFO,72-03548.

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS

A Publication authorized or printed by a government entity, such as a nation, state, or city, is called a public document. Public documents take a wide variety of forms: records of meetings and proceedings, regulations, report of research, guidelines for industries, and statistics on current and future trends.
Bibliographical entries for public documents, like those for other kinds of works, consist of three parts------author, title and facts of publication------each of which may contain several elements. Each part ends with a period, followed by two spaces.

Author entry

i- The governing body-----such as nation, state, country, or city----in order of size and importance
ii. The identity of the division of governments-----such as National Assembly/Congress, Senate, or Department of Province.
iii. The name of any particular committee and subcommittee within the division.
The author entry for a document prepared by a subcommittee of the Pakistan Senate Committee on Agriculture would read as follows:
e.g. Pakistan. Senate. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Loans.

Parliament documents

An entry for a hearing, a transcript of the testimony of witness before congressional committees, should include the name of the committee to which testimony was presented.
U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Construction and Repair Programs to Alleviate Unemployment. Hearing. 97th Cong., 2nd sess., 1 Dec. 1982. Washington: GPO, 1983.

Executive documents

The executive branch issues presidential proclamations, executive orders, and reports of executive departments and bureaus.
Pakistan President. Proclamation. Legal Frame Work Order. October 13, 1999.

WEBLIOGRAPHY

Information on citations to electronic documents (web) may be given as per following style: -
“Jericho’s Walls.” In History Log9008 [electronic bulletin board]. S.1. 27 August 1990-[cited 15 December 1990}. Available from listserv @ FINHUTC.BITNET.
Kulikowski, Stan. ”Readability Formula.” In NL-KR (Digest vol.s,no.10) [electronic bulletin board]. Rochester, N.Y.,1988 [cited 31 January 1989]. Available from nl-kr @ cs.Rochester.edu ; INTERNET.  

APPENDEX

Abbreviations

The given list provides terms and abbreviations that occur in notes, references and bibliographical entries. Many of these terms, particularly those in Latin are no longer recommended for current use, but because they are part of tradition of scholarly research and writing, they appear frequently in literature.
When you are deciding whether to use one of these terms or abbreviations, your first guide should be the requirements of the style you are following. Your second consideration should be brevity and clarity. If an abbreviation will save space and contribute to understanding, you should use it; if it will merely obfuscate or confuse, write out the word or expression.
The following abbreviations are commonly used in citations or editing general scholarly text :

ABBREVIATION MEANING OR TERM

ad init at the beginning add. addendum anon. anonymous app. appendix arr. arranged, bibl. bibliotheca,library. bk. book chap. chapter ca. circaabout approximately col. column cont. continued comp. compiler copr., cop., or copyright ed. Edition, or editor e.g. exemplei gratia for example et al, et alii: and other, when a work has more than two authors (3 in catalogues) fr. from f. following id the same ibid in the same place ill illustration, or incl. Including,inclusive f.v. on the back of the page MS(pl. MSS) manuscriptum (-a) manuscript (s) n.,nn. note(s), end note(s), footnote(s) N.B take careful note n.d. no date. Used only as a last resort: guess if possible, eg. [1981?] 198-][198-?] no. number-s o.p. out of print p. page, -s (do not use pp.) nb: p.75: citation is on page75; pages long pt. pts. part, parts repr. reprinted rev.revised s.l. sine loco: no place of publication given s.n. sine nominee: name of publisher not given s.v. sub verbo under the word (pl.s.vv.) ser. series sup. above, earlier in the text suppl. Supplement (APA) trans. Translator, -ed v.vv. verse,verso vol. volume, -s viz.or viz., namely yr. year; your

The following Latin abbreviations are used in references only.

et seq. et sequentes: ibid. ibidem: in the same place. Used when two more citations of the same source follow immediately on one another, e.g… 1. Kelly, T. A history of adult education in Great Britain 2nd ed. Library Association, 1970. p.76. 2. ibid., p.24. op. cit. opere citato: in the work previously cited. Used when the second citations does not immediately follow the first, e.g. Kelly, T. op.cit., p.89 loc. cit loco citato: in the place previously cited used in the same way as op. cit., but with periodical articles. pass. here and there: a number of scattered references in the same work. q.v. quod vide: which see s.v. under the word or heading . vide infra see below (i.e. on a later page). vide supra see above (i.e. on an earlier page).

Cite with EndNote

EndNote is a tool that facilitates you in making citation references while preparing your research papers, writing theses etc. It also gives you facility to choose any out of many international professionally recognized citation styles like APA etc.

The best feature I would like to share is its ability to handle our bibliographic data. You can download data from many famous and most used online scholarly databases in EndNote based databases. After downloading data you can edit that data according to your needs, you can add pictures and hyperlinks to your bibliographic records.

Optionally you can also enter your bibliographic data in EndNote's database manually no matter it is a citation from a book, newspaper, or a journal EndNote gives you flexibility to do all that with an ease.

There are many more feature out there and waiting you to explore them.
  • To get a copy of EndNote please visit Multimedia and Microfilming Section, Punjab University Library, Lahore.[ Only for faculty, researchers and students currently workinig or enrolled under any Dept. of University of the Punjab]
  • For System Requirements Click Here
  • Know about the output Styles Click Here
  • EndNote Tips and Tour [Download Zip file]


APA Style

A revolutionary new institutional learning, writing, research, and publishing solution for current and future generations of scholars.

APA Style CENTRAL has been developed for academic institutions by the American Psychological Association, the creator of and authority on APA Style, and features full integration of the APA's best-selling and widely adopted Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.



Searching Technique

Many teachers and trainers are beginning to use the web on a regular basis and are looking for guidance and organizational strategies for what appears to be a chaotic and certainly a ubiquitous environment. They find that simply accessing personal web pages does not provide a useful scheme for finding information to perform higher level operations such as research. They are also finding out that traditional methods of searching for information do not apply in the distributed resource environment of the world wide web. Educators and Trainers need unique searching strategies for efficiently and effectively finding information in this dynamic environment.



Journal Citation Reports

Journal Citation Reports (JCR) is a unique multidisciplinary journal evaluation tool. Journal Citation Reports on the Web is the only journal evaluation resource that provides statistical information based on citation data. By compiling cited references, JCR helps to measure research influence and impact at the journal level, and shows the relationships between citing and cited journals. It presents quantifiable statistical data that provides a systematic, objective way to determine the relative importance of journals within their subject categories.



Open Access Resources


Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD)

Links to digital theses/dissertations available in Australia, Canada, many European nations, Hong Kong, Taiwan & the USA



MIT OpenCourseWare

The first stage of an ambitious & generous plan to make all Massachusetts Institute of Technology course materials available on the Internet, for free download. Materials for 500 courses have been accessible since the end of September 2003. Materials are in English, but a number are also available in Spanish & Portuguese. Presented in HTML. However courses may include Adobe Acrobat PDF files, Java Applets, Shockwave, Real Player, Java, and MATLAB files (software for all of these may be downloaded from the site's Technical Requirements page). This so far unique gift is made possible by MIT with support from the William and Flora Hewlett & Andrew W. Mellon Foundations.



World Development Sources (World Bank)

World Development Sources (WDS) is a web based text search and retrieval system which contains a collection of over 6,000 World Bank reports most of which are scanned and are available in imaged format, which you can access via a web browser and search through a multi-field search engine. These include Project appraisal reports, Economic and Sector Works, Evaluation reports, studies and working papers.



Internet Archive: Digital Library of Free Books, Movies, Music ...

Internet Archive is a non-profit digital library offering free universal access to books, movies & music, as well as 273 billion archived web pages.



Pakistan Research Repository

Pakistan Research Repository is a project of the Higher Education Commission to promote the international visibility of research originating out of institutes of higher education in Pakistan. The aim of this service is to maintain a digital archive of all PhD theses produced indigenously to promote the intellectual output of Pakistani institutions. It provides a free, single-entry access point to view the manuscript of research executed, and distribute this information as widely as possible.

The repository which is currently being populated with content has already made the full-text of PhD theses available in high-quality digitized format, whilst a further theses are in process of digitization. Higher Education Commission has introduced a systematic mechanism for the collection and digitization of all the theses produced so far in Pakistan.



World Digital Library

The World Digital Library provides free access to manuscripts, rare books, maps, photographs, and other important cultural documents from all countries and ...



Digital Library of India

It is a digital collection of freely accessible rare books collected from various libraries in India. DLI project started in early 2000 with the vision to archive all the significant literary, artistic and scientific works of mankind and to preserve digitally and make them available freely for every one over Internet for education, study, appreciation and for future generations.

Digital Library of India has currently 550,603 books with 191,677,823 pages (191.657 Million approx.) in Portable Document Format (PDF). This project is funded by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY), The Ministry of Communication and Information Technology (MCIT), Govt. of India.



Project Gutenberg of Australia

Project Gutenberg is the original free digital library of books no longer in copyright. So you'll find a great many classic literary texts here. The full Gutenberg collection now exceeds 5,000 books. The whole collection represents a monumental effort in unpaid, unselfish, labour since 1971.



Electronic Text Collections in Western European Literature

It provides one search for texts, videos, sound, and images from many European museums, archives, and libraries. It does not include collections outside of Europe, commercial projects, or Web sites put up by individuals or by other types of institutions such as university departments other than libraries and museums.




MembershipRules
General Rules
CD/DVD
Internet Lab
Digitized Material
Security Measures
Plagiarism Policy
Electronic DB
IRC

Membership and Borrowing Rules

1). The following categories of persons are allowed to draw books from the library for use at home after submitting a duly attested (by their head of the department) membership prescribed form. The application form contains a declaration of intention to obey the rules of the Library and to pay fines or charges which may be incurred in case of any violation of library rules by the applicant.

  • Faculty members of the University, University Research Fellows, Research Scholars and Research Assistants.
  • Ph.D, M.Phil and Post Graduate students of the Punjab University
  • B.A./B.Sc. and B.Com. students enrolled in the University.
  • A Class Officers of the University and permanent University Employees preparing for post-graduate examinations.
  • Trained Librarians, working in the University Departments and Librarians working in the Punjab University Library.

2). A card known as the Borrowers Card will be issued to each of the persons permitted to draw books from the Library under regulation 1. Such cards shall be strictly non-transferable and shall have to be presented at the counter at the time of drawing and returning books, etc. A borrower, who loses his card, should at once inform the Chief Librarian in writing. A duplicate card will be issued to him on payment of a fee of Rs. 100/- provided that no book will be issued to a student member unless he presents his Borrowers card in person along with his identity card or applies by post sending his card with the application.

3). Casual visitors as may obtain the special written permission of the Chief Librarian, will be permitted to use the Library for the purpose of reading and reference during good behaviour, but must be prepared to furnish the Chief Librarian with evidence of their identity.

4). A borrower of category (a) will be entitled to have in his possession at a time not more than six books. Each book shall be returned within a period of one month from the date of its issue. Provided that a whole time University Professor or Associate Professor may have in his possession a maximum number of ten books at a time and may return these within a period of three months from the date of their issue.

5). Borrowers of category (b) may have in their possession not more than 4 books at a time. Borrowers of class (c), (d), and (e) may draw three books at a time. Books drawn by borrowers under this rule shall be returned not later than two weeks from the date of issue. Borrowers belonging to out stations may, however, retain the books for a maximum period of one month.

6). Any borrower sub-lending books drawn from the Library on his card to any other person shall do so on his own responsibility.

7). Books not in great demand may be renewed on request at the discretion of the Chief Librarian.

8). Books shall be divided into three classes: A, B and C. Class A will include all specially valuable works, and all works permanently or temporarily reserved for reference use. Books in Class A shall not be removed from the Library except by special permission of the Chief Librarian. Class B will include all current numbers of periodicals. These may be borrowed but must be returned within three days. Class C will consist of all other books which may be borrowed and retained according to the provision of Regulations 4 and 5.

9). Books prescribed by the Punjab University (Text Books) for various examinations will not be issued without the special permission of the Chief Librarian. These when borrowed must be returned within three days.

10). Books for the summer vacation will be issued by special permission, and these must be returned as soon as the vacation is over. Books having their due date in holiday or some vacation shall be returned right after the end of the holiday or vacation if not possible before the holiday/vacation otherwise fine will be charged.

11). A fine of Re.1/- per volume per day will be charged for an ordinary book, in case books are retained longer than the period prescribed for each category of borrowers. The fine will in all cases be calculated from the date on which the books should have been returned. Provided that in the case of text-books, current periodicals and books issued with the special permission of the Chief Librarian, the fine shall be Rs.2/- per volume per day. Provided further that a borrowers right to draw books from the Library may be suspended during the period he does not return overdue books or pay the amount due from him. Provided also that the roll numbers of such student borrowers as fail to return the University Library books or pay their dues shall not be sent to their colleges until they have returned the books or paid the dues and have produced a certificate from the Librarian to that effect.

12). Books not returned on due date lay down under the regulations and reported to have been lost, shall be paid for immediately on the expiry of the prescribed limit of time, and this amount shall in no case be refundable. The amount payable to the Library shall be determined by the Chief Librarian.

13). Borrowers whom wish to have books sent out of Lahore must deposit the present postal charges of registered post.

14). A security deposited under any of the foregoing Regulations shall lapse to the University if it remains unclaimed for a period of three years from the date on which a borrower ceases to be a member of the Library.

15). Readers and members shall not damage, mark or write upon any book, periodical, map or manuscript, nor shall they trace or perform mechanical reproduction of any material belonging to the Library. Readers and members who violate this Regulation shall be required to pay the fine imposed by the Chief Librarian or to replace the damaged material, or to pay its price as determined by the Chief Librarian. If one volume of a set is injured, and it is not available separately, the whole set shall have to be replaced or paid for. A damaged book or set, which has been replaced or paid for by a borrower, shall become his property.

Borrowers and readers are advised to inspect books at the time of issue and to call the attention of the Librarian to any defects, etc.

16). The Chief Librarian may, at his discretion, reduce or remit the delay fine incurred by a borrower.

17). Such borrowers as abuse their privilege will be reported to the Library Committee for appropriate action.



IT Lab

In order to keep pace with technological advancement especially with the boom in Information Technology, an Internet Lab was started in December, 1999. With 65 PCs which were gradually increased to 150 and extended up to 350 till now. IT Lab of the Punjab University Library is one of the busiest labs of the University. Students from all departments come here. There are about 5000 registered members of Internet Lab and the numbers are increasing continuously.

Internet Lab Rules

  • Only a member of the Library will be eligible to get the registration.
  • Internet user registration fee will be Rs. 100/-
  • For getting a printout, Rs. 3/- per page will be charged for black & white printing.
  • Users will be liable to pay for any damage to the system or any other damages.


General Rules

  • Leave any type of printed material or your personal belongings such as handbags, briefcases, etc., on the counter at the librarys entrance, on your own responsibility. The users are advised not to leave expensive items as the library disclaims any liability for loss or damage.
  • Complete silence should be observed in the library except for brief and subdued talk with the library staff. Strict decorum and discipline must be maintained in the Library. Users must ensure that rights of other users of the Library are not breached in anyway by their own acts of commission or demission.
  • Smoking, eating, sleeping and talking loudly are strictly prohibited.
  • Cell phones should be kept silent while using the library.
  • Library furniture, fittings or equipment must not be misused or their arrangement altered.
  • Photography is not permitted unless permission is sought - via Security staff in the first instance.
  • Do not write, underline or mark any book. Library books are carefully examined on return and the borrower will be held responsible for the damage.
  • After reading, leave books on the tables or on the book trolley. Please do not shelve the books.
  • Report lost books or other materials to the library immediately to stop overdue fines.
  • In case of lost Library Card, please immediately report at circulation counter to the staff so that your membership is temporarily blocked to prevent misuse of the Library Card.
  • While returning library books or other materials at the Circulation Desk please ensure that the circulation staff has returned the book(s).
  • Ask for help from library staff if you are unable to find your required material.
  • Photocopying service is available for bonafide members of the library at nominal charges on photocopy shop. All photocopying must comply with copyright legislation. Some items in the Library cannot be copied because of copyright laws, poor condition, or donor restrictions.
  • Anyone who violates the rules and regulations of the Library may be debarred from using the Library facilities or other punishments due for breach of law or norms of public order and decency.


CD/DVD Service Policy

Library purchases books in a large number in each fiscal year. These books cover different disciplines which are being taught in the university. These books are purchased from local publishers and import from other countries too.

Normally, books on science subjects are being import. Usually, science subject books, encyclopedias, dictionaries, GRE, GMAT, SAT, IELTS and TOEFL etc. are accompanied with CD/DVD or some sort of username and password to access a specific website to get associated data along-with that book. This data helps researchers to get more in-depth knowledge of that topic. As this data is accompanied with the purchased item, so it can not available in the market otherwise.

Library professionals separate these CDs/DVDs or username etc. and send them in Preservation & Conservation Section of the library. In this section, this material is labeled and arranged according to a specific scheme for fast retrieval. Details of these items are being recorded in digital library metadata. Currently there are 2,000+ items in this collection.

Library users can search this material by title, author or subject in digital library. If they found required item there, they need to write down its accession no. or serial no. and contact to preservation section to access it. At preservation section, users can consult their required items and may copy them in their laptop without any charges.



Digitized Material

Library holds manuscripts, newspapers, rare items and other documents of historical importance in its collection. These items need to be preserved for future use and to fulfill the research needs of researchers in country or from abroad. In all this process, intellectual property and copyright laws are keenly observed.

In this context, heavy duty relevant equipment is available in Preservation section. Relevant section heads receive requests of digital copy of a specific item through proper channel from researchers, receive charges as already decided by University administration and send the document in Preservation section.

In preservation section, first of all, physical condition of document examines and then decides about suitable scanner device. High resolution color scans are being made which further editing. These scans are edited with an image editor and exclude unnecessary details. After this process, scans are saved for computer reading or getting printouts.

Digitized material is being provided to concerned researchers after getting charges as decided by university administration. The details of these charges are as following:

Photocopy /printing and CD writing rules for Manuscripts and Rare Books

A- Photocopy/printing and CD rates for Pakistanis


  • Paper copy Rs.10 for PU faculty & Scholars
  • Paper copy non members Rs.50/ page (Pakistanis only)
  • CD rates= five times of photocopy/print rate

B- Photocopy/printing and CD rates for foreigners


  • Paper copy $ 1/ page
  • CD $ 5/ page (postal charges excluded )


Library Security Measures

The basic responsibility of the library administration is to ensure the safety and security of library materials, library users and its staff members. For this purpose, PU library has arranged both physical and electronic measures as following:

Physical Security Measures

Library Security Staff

Library has security personnel for physical security of library building and its surroundings. These personnel remain alert on their duties 24 hours in a day and 7 days in a week.

Display of Emergency Phone Numbers

Contact Nos. of university administration, army, police, fire-brigade and other helping agencies are displayed at various places in the library. These nos facilitate library users and staff to contact concerned authorities in case of emergency.

Bag Checking

Library users are restricted to take their large bags inside the library. A separate token counter is available in the library to put personal belongings of library users there. Counter staff remain vigilant about the submitted items there and issue a token to the concerned person. Library users get their belonging back after the submission of token.

Keys Control

Only library security staff is entitled to hold the keys of different locks in their possession. Library entrance gates get sealed after library closing and off sealed in opening hours in the presence of senior professional staff.

Window and Door Protection

Library windows and doors are double protected with glass and iron net through which sunlight and fresh air passes and restricts library material to pass outside illegally.

Display Case Protection

Some original pieces and color prints of unique and rare items including manuscripts in library collection are kept in locked glass displays for the orientation and interest of library users.

Manual Fire Extinguishers

A number of fire extinguishers have been attached with library walls to be operated by library staff and users if any case of accidental fire occurs. Library administration trains its staff members occasionally about the functioning of this equipment.

Emergency Sirens

Library has deployed emergency sirens and emergency gates to evacuate library users and staff members in emergency condition.

Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) & Power Generators

UPS, power generator system and charging lights are available in the library to provide electricity backup in case of electricity failure.

Electronic Security Measures

Book Detection System

Radio Frequency (RF) security system has been adopted by library administration to protect library material from their stealing. Implementation of RF security system has produce very positive results.

Access Control System

Library has controlled access system for library users to enter in the library. For this, library administration has issued barcode cards to library users which need to be scanned while entering the library. Same barcode card is further used for charging and discharging of library material. This arrangement helps library administration to keep record of library users and restrict non- members to enter in the library.

Fire Alarm System

Library has deployed automatic fire alarm system in different sections. This system automatically alarms when it feels some sort of fire near around.

Surveillance Camera System

A surveillance camera system is functioning in the library. These cameras watch the movement of library users in inner part of library collection and building. Enough arrangements have been taken to record the video made by these cameras.



HEC Plagiarism Policy

The Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan has implemented anti-plagiarism policy in higher education institutions (HEIs) in the country. The main purpose of implementing this policy is to develop a culture of production of original research in the research institutes. In this connection, HEC took the subscription of iThenticate anti-plagiarism software in 2007 and implemented it its recognized institutes. iThenticate was soon replaced with Turnitin anti-plagiarism and implemented in 2008.

Implementation of Turnitin produced very positive results and a culture of producing plagiarism free contents has been evolving. HEC has provided guidelines and training modules for convenience of researchers which can be accessed at

HEC plagiarism policy can be accessed here

Implementation of Turnitin in University of the Punjab

Punjab University administration has declared Chief Librarian, Punjab University Library (PUL) as focal person for Turnitin issues for HEC. The University has given the responsibility to Chief Librarian of issuing certificate to research works as plagiarism free. In this context, all M.Phil, Ph.D dissertations and faculty research publications are bound to get plagiarism free certificate before their submission in the University. To make this process convenient, Turnitin accounts have been created for faculty members and departmental librarians. Research scholars can contact to their supervisor or departmental librarian to pass through their research work from Turnitin before applying for final certificate.

Procedure to get certificate

  • Head of department have the authority to send research work of their faculty member or research scholar along-with a CD packed in a sealed envelope to Chief Librarian.
  • This CD must have title page, abstract and all chapters. This CD should be labeled with title and author name. Our IRC section will receive the request and check CD on spot to ensure the availability of required information.
  • As per HEC guidelines, acknowledgement, table of contents, bibliography, references, appendices and running title etc. should be removed from research work before their uploading in Turnitin so these items should be removed before writing the research work on CD for submission to the Chief Librarian office.
  • IRC section will examine the results of Turnitin as per HEC criteria and if it is according to the criteria, the research content will be submitted in Turnitin student paper repository and a plagiarism free certificate will be issued to the author name and send it to concerned head of department through proper channel.
  • Turnitin student paper repository ID will be mentioned on the certificate as an evidence. Certificates are issued on first come, first serve basis without any un-necessary delay.
  • For any clarification in this issue, researchers can contact at 042-99231126 to IRC section during office timings.


Electronic Databases

The Digital Library Program is initiated to provide up to date information to the researchers within public and private universities of Pakistan. It is aimed that non-profit research and development organizations get access to international scholarly literature, high quality books. peer -reviwed journals, databases and articles across a wide range of subjects based on electronic (online) delivery/ retrieval system.

The program was initiated by HEC in the middle of 2003 and then on 27th February 2004 the Digital Library Program was inaugurated by Prof. Dr. Atta-Ur-Rehman , Chairman Higher Education Commission, Minister in-charge of Science and Technology, after an initial workshop on Digital Library Resources sensitization and Training the Trainers.

The resources cover both scientific and humanities I social science subjects. To cover almost every aspect of studies in Pakistan, Higher Education Commission has signed license agreement with various companies and publishers from all over the world. Initially the program started from the subscription of a collection of approximately 11,600 full text joumals, but right now the resources have crossed a number of 25,000 online journals and the number is increasing. It is worth mentioning that the number of journals available in Pakistan through the Digital Library Program is more than half of the world's total online journals.

University of the Punjab is a part of Digital Library Program since the inauguration and is providing these resources to its researchers, Teachers and M. Phil. Ph.D. Students.

How to Use the Resources

How to reach the link?

Open your web browser that is commonly Microsoft lnternet Explorer installed automaticalty with your windows. Now press F4 or manually place the cursor in the address bar to write www.pulibrary.edu.pk and press enter. Now from the menu bar in the Punljab University Library website. click Services and choose HEC e-nooks/journals. It will open the page where links to all of the subscribed databases are provided. Select the appropriate one and search the database.

Copyright Law

Copy1ight law exists to protect the intellectual standing and the economic rights of creators and publishers of all literary, dramatic, artistic, musical, audio-visual and electronic works. Electronic materials have copyright in the same manner as print materials.

Agreement and License

  • All electronic resources will be subject to some license or access agreement.
  • Each resource or package will have a specific agreement.
  • Specific contractual agreements should be available from each supplier/publisher.
  • Copyright and terms of use are often include on line.

Prohibited Activities

  • Downloading and copying entire issues of volumes of any journal.
  • Commercial use of journal content, including but not limited to, providing a fee-for-copying service.
  • Altering, obscuring or removing copyright and other proprietary notices which appear as part of the journal service or appear alongside journal content.
  • Examples of Misuse

  • People from commercial companies using library facilities to access resources.
  • Printing out entire electronic journals and making copies.
  • Including large parts of articles in student workbook material.
  • All copyrights should strictly be followed morally and legally, and violation from our institution may end the subscription. <.li>

  • Information Resource Center (IRC)

    Punjab University Library has launched an 'Information Resource Centre (IRC). This centre explores the digital resources provided by HEC and facilitates its users to pursuit their academic research.

    Profiles of researchers, faculty members and M. Phil., Ph.D. students have been prepared in order to disseminate the digital resources of HEC. Online SDI service has been provided and the relevant information is then mailed to their E-Mails.

    Students can access the entire Digital Library Collection on 200 Core I3 computers provided in the Punjab University Library, Digital Library Unit.

    A separate Digital Library has been provided at Iranian Culture Centre for faculty members which works under the supervision of IRC.



    History
    Library Staff
    Library Section
    Library Timing
    Contact-Us

    History of Punjab University Library

    Besides fifty six independent libraries of the teaching departments, constituent colleges and institutes, the Punjab University has a central library, which is called 'Punjab University Library'. It was established in 1873 as 'Punjab University College Library'. The Punjab University College was raised to the status of a University in 1882 under the Punjab University Act No. XIX of 1882 which was published in the Gazette of India dated 7th October 1882 and the Punjab

    University came into existence on 14th October 1882 by a notification issued by the Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab and with it, it became the Punjab University Library from the same date. One of the most essential needs of the University, if it was to become a real center of learning, was the development of its library. The origin of the University library lay in the collection of Sir Donald MacLeod, some 2,000 volumes, which the University College purchased from him for Rs. 2500/- in 1873. This was a good beginning, but nothing seems to have been done for a generation to augment it. Indeed when Mr. Woolner became Registrar and Principal of Oriental College thirty years later, the library had actually diminished to the neglected contents of two almirahs. Its development during the next thirty years has been due largely to the continuous and active interest of Mr. A.C. Wollner.

    The injunction contained in clause 3 of the Indian Universities Act of 1904, 'to erect, equip and maintain University Libraries, Laboratories and Museums,' marked the beginning of a new period for the Library. During the next two years the Syndicate sought and obtained from the Government of India a special initial grant of Rs. 30,000 and a smaller recurring grant for three years for the expansion of the Library. By September, 1909, Rs. 36,000 had been spent upon the acquisition of books and fittings. A specially adapted building was clearly necessary, and in 1910 the Syndicate acquired a site in proximity to the Senate Hall and plans for its erection were prepared by Bhai Ram Singh, Principal of the Mayo School of Arts, who also designed the University Hall and Khalsa College, Amritsar, all handsome edifices in the traditional style of North-Western India. The foundation-stone was laid by the Chancellor, Sir Louis Dane, on 27th February, 1911; the building proceeded rapidly and the first portion was formally opened by the same Chancellor in April, 1912. The expansion of the Library was so rapid during the next three years that at the end of 1915 the building had to be extended to the dimensions contemplated in the original plan. The entire building, which was completed in February, 1917 cost Rs. 1,60,000. It is a two storied building of attractive design (at Allama Iqbal Campus).

    A month after the laying of the foundation-stone the University Library received a valuable accession from an unexpected source. The late Mr. H.M. Percival, M.A.I.E.S., Professor of English Literature, Presidency College, Calcutta, at his retirement in March, 1911, presented to it his collection of 6,500 volumes, which had been accumulated at a cost of about Rs. 36,000. This collection has since been maintained separately in the Library. Two other valuable contributions were made about the same time. The late Agha Mohammad Ibrahim in 1913 presented the collection of his father, the late Shams-ul-Ulema Maulvi Mohammad Hussain Azad, consisting of 1556 books and 389 manuscripts, mostly relating to classical Arabic Literature. Between 1910 and 1931, Sir Edward Maclagan, K.C.S.I., K.C.I.E., who was Chancellor of the University from 1919 until 1924, had also presented a series of 389 numbers of certain valuable journals. The steadily increasing collection of books was classified in 1916 by an American expert, Mr. A.D. Dickinson, who also initiated a class for the training of the librarians.

    The Library has continuously been improved during this latest period, not only as a collection of books, but also as an instrument for the assistance of study and research. At the time of the birth of Pakistan, there were 1,44,204 books in the Library. At present its collection regarding books, journals, manuscripts and other reading material is 5,25,000 approximately including some very precious personal / special collections.

    The Punjab University Library remained in its old building at Allama Iqbal Campus up to 1988 and in the same year it was shifted to its present newly constructed building at Quaid-i-Azam Campus. The construction of the present building started in 1982 with a special grant of Federal Government of Rs. 15 million and it was completed by December 1986. The building was handed over to the Chief Librarian in September 1987. The shifting work of the Library was started in March 1988 and completed in June 1988. The total area of this building is 1,02,000 sq. feet. It is a beautiful two storied building with a basement of 10,000 sq. feet. It has big reading halls on the ground and the first floor, these have a seating capacity of approximately 250 readers. Besides these, there are many separate air-conditioned rooms and sections for readers. These air-conditioned rooms provide atmosphere conducive to serious studies and act as silence zones of the Library. The seating capacity of these rooms is about 250 readers. To meet the challenges of modern research techniques in the 21st century the facility of Internet was started on 16th December 1999, along with an Internet Lab in January 2000. The work of library automation was started on October 2000. The processing of almost all the English material has been completed. Recently Punjab University Library has started data entry of serial publications that will give search approach to its volume and issue level. Moreover library has started a database of its newspaper index a monthly publication of newspaper articles being published in various local and foreign newspapers. Formerly the index was only available in printed format. The database software used both for books and serials is WIN/ISIS. Software was searchable under a number of categories like author, title, subject, heading, publishers, classification etc.

    From 2005 our WINISIS catalogue has been transferred to Multilingual Library and Information Management System (MLIMS). This has enabled us to enter data in the oriental languages including Urdu, Persian, Arabic and Punjabi etc. Readers are supposed to consult the computerized catalogue for up-to-date information instead of manual catalogue, where OPAC terminals have been provided at ground and 1st floor with multilingual searching capabilities. Network access is available on several terminals at the library. Punjab University Library has its collection in 9 major national and international languages and different types like, print material, CDs, DVDs, Floppies, Microfilms, Microfiches, Video and Audio Cassettes and Manuscripts. Punjab University Library also have audio visual facilities for its readers like, TV, VCR, CD/DVD Drives, Multimedia projector, Microfilm and Microfiche reader/printers. Besides all these we are searching new horizons to facilitate our readers through manual and electronic technologies.




    Library Timing


    Day Time (Regular) Time (Ramdan)
    Monday 8:00 AM To 10:00 PM 8:00 AM To 6:00 PM
    Tuesday 8:00 AM To 10:00 PM 8:00 AM To 6:00 PM
    Wednesday 8:00 AM To 10:00 PM 8:00 AM To 6:00 PM
    Thursday 8:00 AM To 10:00 PM 8:00 AM To 6:00 PM
    Friday 8:00 AM To 10:00 PM
    (Break 12:30 PM To 2:00 PM)
    8:00 AM To 12:00 PM
    Saturday 8:00 AM To 10:00 PM 8:00 AM To 6:00 PM




    Library Professional Staff

    The Punjab University Library (commonly known as the Main or Central Library) is a separate administrative unit of the University of the Punjab. Its Head is designated as Chief Librarian. The Service Unit In-charges are designated as Deputy Chief Librarians who serve with the collaboration of the Senior Librarians, Librarians and other non-professional staff. All the professional and non-professional staff work under the guidance and supervision of the Chief Librarian. The present strength of the professional /non-professional staff is as under:-

    Chief Librarian

    Cinque Terre

    Dr. Muhammad Haroon Usmani


    Phd (Urdu),
    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab University).
    E.Mail: chieflibrarian@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126

    Deputy Chief Librarian

    Cinque Terre

    Haseeb Ahmed Piracha

    M.S Digital Library (OSLO).
    E-Mail: ask.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cinque Terre

    Saif-ur-Rehman Attique

    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni).
    E-Mail: saif.library@pu.edu.pk
    E-Mail: sr_attique@yahoo.com
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 0321-4502599


    Cinque Terre

    Muhammad Asif Khan

    M.A Library Sciences.
    E-Mail: asifraja.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126, Cell:03334210832
    Cinque Terre

    Syed Saleem Abbas Zaidi

    M.A Library Sciences.
    E-Mail: ask.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126

    Cinque Terre

    Ms Faiqa Mansoor

    PHD (in progress).
    MPhil(South Asial Studies)
    Master in Library
    faiqa.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cinque Terre

    Kashif Khurshid

    M.Phil Library Sciences.
    E-Mail: kashif.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126,
    Cell: 0321-4168640

    Senior Librarian

    Cinque Terre

    Shafiq-Ur-Rehman

    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni).
    shafiq.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 03334669136


    Cinque Terre

    Aslam Hayat

    M.A/M.Phil(Islamic Studies).
    Master in Library Sciences.
    E-Mail: aslam.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cinque Terre

    Hamid Ali

    M.Phil Persian Literature.
    M.A Library Sciences
    E-Mail: hamid.ali.pu@gmail.com
    Ph: +924299231126


    Cinque Terre

    Ch Muhammad Razzaq

    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni)
    E-Mail: razzaq.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126.

    Librarian

    Cinque Terre

    Badar-ul-Haq

    M.A Library Sciences.
    M.A Political Sciences
    E-Mail: badar.library@pu.edu.pk
    faiqa.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cinque Terre

    Rauf Ishaq

    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni)
    rauf.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126,
    Cell: 0345-4141934


    Cinque Terre

    Muhammad Farooq

    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni).
    E-Mail: farooq.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 0321-4667146
    Cinque Terre

    Sakina Bashir

    M.Phil Library Sciences
    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni)
    E-Mail:sakinahussain07@gmail.com
    Ph: +924299231126


    Cinque Terre

    Sharafat Ali Khan

    MS (Commerce)
    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni).
    E-Mail:sharafat584@gmail.com
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell:0300-8866224
    Cinque Terre

    Mehtab Yahya

    M.Phil Library Sciences (in progress)
    M.A Library Sciences
    E-Mail: mehtab.yahya@gmail.com
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 0343-4089044


    Cinque Terre

    Iftikhar Ahmad

    M.A Library Sciences (Punjab Uni).
    E-Mail:chaudhryiftikhar346@gmail.com
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 0333-4034885
    Cinque Terre

    Muhammad Arslan Jilani

    M.A Library Sciences
    E-Mail: arslan.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 0323-2002551


    Network Administrator

    Cinque Terre

    Mansoor Nawaz

    MSc Telecommunication
    E-Mail: mansoor.library@pu.edu.pk
    Ph: +924299231126
    Cell: 0321-4244882






    Acquisition Section

    This section is concerned with the selection and purchase of reading material in what so ever from it may be. Books are accessioned in this section. It keeps a complete and up-to-date record of such books and other reading materials.

    Cataloguing Section

    After purchasing, accessioning and labeling of the reading material in the Acquisition Section, it is sent to the Cataloguing Section for technical processing. Main responsibility of this section is to classify and catalogue the reading material. The reading material is being classified according to Dewey Decimal Classification Scheme through manual and online catalogue. Library of Congress Subject Headings List is used for assigning subject headings.

    Oriental Section

    It is functioning at the first floor, books almost relating to all disciplines are available in Urdu, Persian, Arabic, Punjabi, Pushto, Sindhi, Sanskrit and Hindi languages. The library has very old and rare materials in its collection e.g. first issue of Urdu newspaper Kohinoor, published in Lahore on the 14th January, 1850. There is a dual cataloguing system in the Oriental Section. Beside a multilingual on / off line public access computerized catalogue (OPAC), there is a card catalogue also which has four types of catalogues.

    Reference Section

    The reference section holds about 13000 reference books, including encyclopedias, dictionaries, biographical Sources, yearbooks, handbooks, almanacs, directories, atlases, gazetteers, indexes, quotation books, bibliographies, accession lists, Literature guides and special collection of CSS & PMS & other competitive exams etc. Its major function is to answer the readers reference questions and to keep a record of the reference questions asked and answered. The reference questions may range from simple reference question to complex research questions. It provides reference service to fulfill the information needs of the Faculty, Scholars and Students as well It also answers the questions like who is who, what is what, how and where etc. to save the precious time of the users.

    Circulation Section

    Readers Services/Circulation section is the backbone of the Library and performing various duties. This unit is functioning on the ground floor, when you enter through the main gate, you will be in the library's front hall. Circulation counter is in the right corner; at your left is the office of the Deputy Chief Librarian (Readers Services/Circulation section). The text books of various subjects, theses and dissertations, and collection of books on Pakistan have been placed in separate rooms adjacent to the circulation counter.

    Multimedia Section

    This section has the responsibility of preserving rare and fragile library material through digitization. Care of copy right laws and intellectual property rights (IP) are strictly followed while in selection of library material in making their digital copy. Normally, paper of newspapers, manuscripts and old publications need to be digitized. For digitization purpose, there are heavy duty miscellaneous scanners to digitize material with care. Currently, an optical scanner named Bookeye-4 from Image Access Company is being in operation to ease the digitization process of bound fragile media.

    United Nation Section

    Punjab University Library is a depositary Library of U.N. Publications. Under an agreement a nominal annual subscription is paid by the library and in response we receive the publications of U.N.O and its subordinate departments.

    Serial Section

    Serial section acquires journals that are the source of current information, required for research work. Journals and newspapers are used for reference so not issued. Photocopy facility is provided. Serials section is functioning at the first floor of the library. When a volume of a journal or file of a newspaper is completed, it is get bonded. There are 70,000 bound volumes of journals on various disciplines are available. These volumes are arranged on racks in classified order and current issues are displayed alphabetically by title. Research oriented journals both local and foreign are subscribed with the approval of the Heads of Teaching Departments of the University.

    IT Section

    In order to keep pace with technological advancement especially with the boom in Information Technology, an Internet Lab was started in December, 1999. With 65 PC's which were gradually increased to 150 and extended up to 350 till now. IT Lab of the Punjab University Library is one of the busiest labs of the University. Students from all departments come here. There are about 5000 registered members of Internet Lab and the numbers are increasing continuously.



    Contact Info

    Punjab University Library,
    Quaid-e-Azam Campus (New Campus),
    Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
    Fax: 092-42-99230892,
    Ph: 092-42-99231126, 99230863

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